It also banned ex-Fifa vice-president Chung Mong-joon for six years.
Both Chung and Platini are hoping to replace Blatter when he steps down as president in February.
"The grounds for these decisions are the investigations that are being carried out by the investigatory chamber of the ethics committee," the body said in a statement.
The three are banned from any football activity in the interim. They deny any wrongdoing.